acetin


acetin
noun
any of three liquid acetates that are formed when acetic acid and glycerin are heated together
Hypernyms: ↑acetate, ↑ethanoate

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\\ˈasətən, -əd.ə̇n, -ətə̇n\ noun (-s)
: any of three liquid acetates formed when glycerol and acetic acid are heated together:
a. : the monoacetate C3H5(OH)2C2H3O2 used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives — called also monoacetin
b. : the diacetate C3H5(OH)(C2H3O2)2 used chiefly as a plasticizer and solvent — called also diacetin
c. : the triacetate C3H5(C2H3O2)3 used chiefly as a plasticizer and solvent and as a fixative in perfumes — called also triacetin

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/as"i tin/, n. Chem.
a colorless, thick, hygroscopic liquid, C5H10O4: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives. Also called glyceryl monoacetate, monacetin, monoacetin.
[1870-75; ACET- + -IN2]

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acetin Chem.
(ˈæsɪtɪn)
[f. acet- + -ine = Gr. -ινη daughter, derivative, here used to form a term matching glycerin.]
Acetic glycerin; class name of a series of thick oily liquids, formed (by Berthelot) by the action of acetic acid upon glycerin; they consist of glycerin C3H5(OH)3 in which one, two, or all the three hydrogen atoms are replaced by the radical acetyl C2H3O, the result being mono-, di-, or tri-acetin; the formula of the last is C3H5(OC2H3O)3.
Roscoe Elem. Chem. xxxvi. 386. Watts Fownes' Chem. II. 285.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acetin — Ac e*tin, n. (Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with glycerin. Brande & C. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • acetín — (Del lat. acētum). m. agracejo (ǁ arbusto berberidáceo) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • acetin — [as′ə tin΄] n. [ ACET(O) + IN1] a thick, colorless liquid, C3H5 (OH) 2OOCCH3, soluble in water: it is used in making explosives and as a solvent …   English World dictionary

  • acetín — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Agracejo, arbusto espinoso de flores amarillas. * * * acetín (del lat. «acētum») m. *Agracejo (arbusto berberidáceo). * * * acetín. (Del lat. acētum). m. agracejo (ǁ arbusto berberidáceo). * * * ► masculino… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • acetin — acetinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃COOCH₂CH(OH)CH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. acetin rus. ацетин ryšiai: sinonimas – 3 etanoiloksi 1,2 propandiolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acetin — /as i tin/, n. Chem. a colorless, thick, hygroscopic liquid, C5H10O4: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives. Also called glyceryl monoacetate, monacetin, monoacetin. [1870 75; ACET + IN2] * * * …   Universalium

  • acetin — noun the triglyceride of acetic acid …   Wiktionary

  • Acetin — A|ce|tin [Kurzw. aus Acetylglycerin], das; s, e: Glycerinacetat …   Universal-Lexikon

  • acetin — ac·e·tin as ət ən n any of three liquid acetates formed when glycerol and acetic acid are heated together: a) one C3H5(OH)2C2H3O2 containing only one acetate group that is used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives called also monoacetin b)… …   Medical dictionary


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